Phoenix, mentioned in ancient Egypt and in Classical antiquity, is a wonderful bird related to the worship of the sun. The Egyptian phoenix was famed to be as large as an eagle, with gorgeous scarlet and gold animal material body and a melodious cry. Traditionally, just one phoenix could exist at any time, and it was rumored to be terribly long-lived. An ancient historical myth gave it a life of around 500 (five hundred) years. As its finish or death approached, the phoenix bird intentionally built a nest of aromatic boughs and spice, set it afire, and was consumed within the flames.
From the pile it is rumoured that a brand new phoenix bird arose, which, once embalming its father’s ashes in the egg of ‘myrrh’, flew with the ashes to Heliopolis (“City of the Sun”), where it is rumored to deposit them on the altar within the temple of the Egyptian god of the sun. A variant of the story created by people over the years says that the dying phoenix birds fly to Heliopolis and sacrifice themselves within the altar fireplace, from which the young phoenix then rose.
The Egyptians associated the Phoenix with immortality, which was a symbolism that had a widespread attractiveness in late antiquity. The Phoenix was compared to timeless Rome, and it seems to be present on the coinage of the late empire as a symbol of the “Eternal City”. The Phoenix has been depicted in ancient history and other legends as a bird endowed with a halo which is a symbolism connecting the mythical bird to the Sun. In the oldest images of the mythical bird, we can see nimbuses which often have seven rays, like Helios – the Sun god.
It is also described as a bird which has a crest of feathers on its head akin to a rooster. There is no stable proof to clarify the appearance of the Phoenix but it was rumored to be colorful and vibrant which made it distinct from all the other normal birds. Herodotus famously claimed to believe that the Phoenix had a red and yellow appearance. It had red legs and striking vibrant yellow or golden eyes. Others also repudiated his claim saying that it had blue sapphire-like eyes and that its legs were covered in golden yellow scales adorned with rose-colored talons. Its size is comparable to the size of an eagle but some claim that it was even larger. Some claims even say that the Phoenix was larger than an ostrich. As history records, people believed the Phoenix symbolized various things such as the sun or regeneration, the Empire or the Eternal City, resurrection or even the heavenly paradise. In recent days a “Phoenix company” is a derogatory term used to refer to an insolvent company which is required to go forcefully into voluntary liquidation by its directors. This usage is recorded after the early 1990s. The famous Phoenix Park murders were a double murder of the Irish secretary chief and the undersecretary which occurred in the Phoenix Park, Dublin in 1882.