1. Closing the wage gap is a bipartisan issue.
Whether it's the Paycheck Fairness Act introduced by Senator Barbara Mikulski (D-Maryland) or the Workplace Advancement Act proposed by Senator Deb Fischer (R-Nebraska), the women of Congress agree it's time to enforce the decades-old legislation that protects equal pay.
2. Having children directly affects men and women's income.
But in opposite ways. Men's income can increase by 6% when they have children; women's income can decrease by 4% for each child they have.
3. It gets worse for women of color, and for women as they age.
Of what white men were paid in 2014, Hispanic and Latina women were paid only 54%, African American women were paid 63%, and American Indian women were paid 59%.
Women are living and working longer, yet finding it harder to find and keep jobs as they face age and gender discrimination.
4. The bias is psychological: work done by women gets devalued.
New research out of Cornell University suggests that differences in the type of work men and women do account for 51% of the wage gap. In another study, researchers found that when women entered into male-dominated fields in significant numbers, pay declines even after controlling for factors such as education, experience, race, and geography.
The bias extends to technology, too. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon found that Google’s algorithm displayed more ads for high-paying jobs to men than women.
5. Sometimes, there aren’t any explanations.
One year out of college, women working full time earned on average 18% less than their male peers. When controlling for hours, occupation, college major, employment sector, and other pay-associated parameters, the pay gap decreases to 6.6%, and cannot be explained by any of the factors that typically affect earnings.
Despite these realities, the gendered wage gap has received little substantive attention in this election cycle. Think our presidential candidates should address it in a live debate?Tell them!
The Women’s Debate is a nonpartisan collective of concerned citizens. We are supported by a team of leaders in the fields of academia, corporate America, traditional and social media, entrepreneurial organizations, faith-based and non-profit associations. We are educators, experts, and citizens [...]