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MogulInterviews:Dr.MichioKakuonMars,Robots,Aliens&hisnewbook,"TheFutureofHumanity"

Jessica Lipps
Jessica Lipps Mogul Influencer
1y New York, NY, United States Story
Mogul Interviews: Dr. Michio Kaku on Mars, Robots, Aliens & his new book, "The Future of Humanity"

Welcome to Mogul's new interview! 

We're over the moon (haha! :)) to share our conversation with Dr. Michio Kaku, a world-renowned physicist who has a talent for making scientific concepts accessible to everyone. Dr. Kaku is a celebrated Futurist, the Co-Founder of String Field Theory (more about that below), Professor of Physics at the City University of New York and Host of the Exploration and Science Fantastic Live radio talk shows. 

A multi-time best-selling author, Dr. Kaku is in the news a lot right now for his new book, "The Future of Humanity." From Space Travel to Life on Mars, Robots, the Fountain of Youth and more: what's possible and what's hype? What is Dr. Kaku most excited about and do any of these concepts scare him? What advice does Dr. Kaku have for us as we enter a new era? Find out the answers to all these questions and more in our interview:

Here are Dr. Kaku's #Takeaways: 

(We know that this article is long but Dr. Kaku shared so much information that we wanted to include as much as possible. He is amazing and we hope that you enjoy learning from Dr. Kaku as much as we did!!)

Jessica Lipps (Interviewer): Let's start at the beginning. Where were you born?

Dr. Michio Kaku (Guest): I was born in San Jose, CA which is now the heart of Silicon Valley. 

Jessica: Does your name have a meaning?  

Dr. Kaku: Michio means 'the way' or 'the path.' Kaku means 'happiness will come.' So my name means: the road that brings happiness and enlightenment. 

Jessica: How did you discover science?

Dr. Kaku: When I was 8 years old, something happened that changed my life!

-Everyone was saying that a great scientist had died. The evening newspaper printed a picture of his desk. The caption read: "Unfinished manuscript from the greatest scientist of our era.” 

-I said: “What? Unfinished? Why couldn’t the greatest scientist of our era finish this book?” 

-That scientist was Albert Einstein and the book was "The Theory of Everything.” Einstein wanted an equation that would allow him to read the mind of God. 

-I thought: Wow, that’s for me! That’s what I want to work on! I want to work on The Theory of Everything!

Jessica: Your newest book is called "The Future of Humanity." Why this book and why now?

Dr. Kaku: Because we are entering a new era of space exploration!

-In the 1960’s, rockets were very expensive. Prices have been dropping, so it’s a whole new ballgame. Now, to be one of the first tourists in outer space, a round-trip ticket will cost about $200,000 per person. 

-Rockets have become more powerful and reusable. To boost a rocket, it will take just a few minutes to reach space. Going to the Moon will take about 3 days, so you can go on Monday and come back by Friday. A round-trip mission to Mars will take about two years.

-We are returning to the Moon in December 2019. An unmanned probe, the Orion Spacecraft, will orbit the Moon. Just a few years later, humans will go back to the Moon after a 50-year gap. 

-Amazon wants to have a delivery system to the Moon in the same way that they have one on the planet Earth. So Lunar Tourism is a possibility. Already people are thinking about taking a honeymoon on the Moon! Things that were impossible during the ’60's are now being talked about today!

ON MARS:

-Mars is not the Earth. It’s very cold. We’re going to have to heat up the planet. One proposal is to use satellites that can beam solar energy to melt the ice caps so that Mars becomes more Earth-like. We want to make Mars more Earth-like so that it’s not such a frozen desolate landscape.

-We will have genetically modified plants grow in a carbon dioxide rich atmosphere that is cold. We can do this! We will create a whole fleet of farms on Mars to create agriculture on Mars. 

ON ROBOTS AND MARS:

-Who is going to do the heavy labor of building gigantic space ports on Mars? That’s a lot of work! That’s where robots come in!

-Robots are very good at repetitive tasks. If something is ‘prefab,' it’s repetitive. Robots can start to build prefabricated buildings. 

-The Martian soil can be used to make bricks. So scientists are working out the engineering of what it would take to build a city on Mars. 

-The first city on Mars won’t be so impressive. We will have underground caves and lava tubes to protect us against radiation and other elements. 

-But who wants to be underground all the time? We want to build domed cities and that means using nanotechnology and artificial intelligence. 

-So Robots will be useful to do the heavy lifting to create cities on Mars.

Jessica: I read in your book that when you travel to Mars, muscular atrophy takes place and you must exercise for two hours a day to combat it. When you arrive on Mars you face increased radiation, which leads to a greater risk of cancer, and are subject to massive dust storms. Frankly, after reading that, I'm not sure that Mars is for me! (laughter) 

Dr. Kaku: Mars is not for everyone but already people have volunteered. Even for a one-way mission! 

Jessica: Do you want to go to Mars?

Dr. Kaku: I don’t think that space tourism will happen anytime soon but eventually it will happen.

Jessica: Would you advise your children to go to Mars? 

Dr. Kaku: I’d say: "Realize that it’s still experimental." And, as Elon Musk said, he wants to go to Mars but not on impact. In other words, he doesn’t want to crash land on Mars! (laughter)

Jessica: Do you think that we will live on planets other than Mars?

Dr. Kaku: After Mars, some people think that Titan, a moon of Saturn, is a possibility. Titan has a lot of methane gas and could become a gas station in outer space! 

-My colleague Stephen Hawking says that the next target is the Stars. And Proxima Centauri, the closest star, has an Earth-size planet going around it, so it’s already made for us! 

ON ROBOTS AND INTELLIGENT THOUGHT:

-We are talking about new industries, jobs and possibilities. 

-For example, your car will become a robot. You will talk to your car and argue with your car and your car will park itself. So the robotics industry will be bigger than the automobile industry and eventually absorb it. 

-For the short term, we will have jobs to repair, design, fix and maintain robots. 

-Long term, however, they could start to turn on us.

-What is the tipping point? It’s when machines become self-aware. Robots don’t know that they are robots. They are adding machines. They add very fast, giving the illusion that they are thinking. But once they become self aware then we have to put a chip in their brain to shut them off if they have murderous thoughts. 

Jessica: Will we always know when they are having murderous thoughts?

Dr. Kaku: I think so. Right now, robots are as smart as a cockroach. However, I can see a time when they are as smart as a mouse, then a rabbit, cat and a dog. But dogs aren’t sure of what a human is. They think that humans are top dogs. But monkeys: monkeys know that they are monkeys and not humans. So when robots become as smart as monkeys, that’s when we have to put a failsafe system on them to make sure that they can’t take over. 

-But that’s probably not until the end of the Century, so we have plenty of time to prepare for that!

Jessica: While we’re talking about entities that could take over, what are your thoughts on aliens and other life forms?

Dr. Kaku: Some people that think that aliens exist and are signaling us, but we don’t know. We debate that question. 

-There are probably a billion (not millions, but a billion!) Earth-like planets in our galaxy, in our backyard!, having perhaps oceans, microbial life and maybe even advanced life.

-Why don’t they visit us? Well, my attitude is: if you go in a forest and meet a squirrel or a deer, do you talk to them? If you did, after a while you'd get bored because they don’t talk back to you. 

-That’s why aliens don’t land on the White House lawn - we are not very interesting to them.

ON THE FUTURE OF HUMANS:

-It used to be nonsense or hokum to talk about longevity and the Fountain of Youth. Now we scientists are taking it very seriously. 

-Since aging is influenced by genes, we’ve isolated many of the genes that control the aging process. 

-You take the genes of old and young people and see where the difference is. That’s where aging is concentrated.

-We are now finding those genes and can stop the clock. There is an enzyme called telomerase that allows you to stop the aging process in a cell. 

-Telomerase may be one of many enzymes and proteins in a cocktail that could become a fountain of youth. 

-It could be that it’s not for us. Maybe our generation is the last to die. But our grandkids may have the option of hitting 30 and simply stopping. They may like being 30 forever.

Jessica: Of all that you address in the book, What excites you the most?

Michio: This is centuries into the future but Warp Drive becomes a possibility. 

-Einstein’s theory allows for gateways to other universes. They are called Wormholes. The math and physics are there!

-We don’t know if it’s possible but I think that String Theory will give us an answer: are time machines possible? Is Warp Drive possible? This is what I study!

Jessica: As we look to and prepare for the future, what’s your advice?

Dr. Kaku: If you take a look at the so called 1% that has done very well recently, you realize that it’s actually 30%. 30% have done very well economically. The bottom 70% have either held steady or fallen behind. 

-Why? 30% is the number of those who have graduated from college. 

-So I say to people: you must graduate from college and understand computers.  You don’t have to be a computer whiz or programmer but the jobs of the future will be more technologically advanced.

-Then, in my books, I list some occupations that will flourish in the future. Medicine and biotech, for example. And the arts. Robots cannot create novels, songs or artistic things that enrich our life. Those jobs will still be happening in the future. So I make a list of all the occupations that will not be roboticised.

Jessica: So much is happening that pertains to the future. Is enough ever enough? 

Dr. Kaku: I feel like a child in a toy store. Children in a toy store never get enough!

-When I was a kid, all that we could do was dream about: ‘sometime in the future’ we’ll have this and that. Now, we see it! All the things that I dreamed about as a kid are coming to pass. 

-And now, kids of today have their dreams and their dreams will be fulfilled!

Find & Follow:

Facebook: @MichioKaku, @JessLipps

Instagram: @Michio_Kaku, @Jess_Lipps

Twitter: @MichioKaku, @JessLipps


12 replies

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  • Bethany Heinrich
    Bethany Heinrich Mogul Influencer
    1y ago New York, NY, United States

    This is AMAZING, @Jessica Lipps! What was he like in person? 

    This is AMAZING, @Jessica Lipps! What was he like in person? 

    • Jessica Lipps
      Jessica Lipps Mogul Influencer
      1y ago New York, NY, United States

      Thanks so much for reading and writing, @Bethany Heinrich! Dr. Kaku was nice in person. Clearly, he's super smart! To his credit, he makes these topics accessible to everyone. 


      My favorite part about meeting in person Dr. Kaku was experiencing his enthusiasm for science. When talking about space travel and the future, you can HEAR the excitement in his voice! I felt that we could have sat and talked for a much longer time if our schedules had allowed. I encourage you and other readers to listen to the interview to hear for yourselves what I'm describing...even if you're not a science buff, Dr. Kaku will, I'm sure, pique your interest in these topics!

      Thanks so much for reading and writing, @Bethany Heinrich! Dr. Kaku was nice in person. Clearly, he's super smart! To his credit, he makes these topics accessible to everyone. 


      My favorite part about meeting in person Dr. Kaku was experiencing his enthusiasm for science. When talking about space travel and the future, you can HEAR the excitement in his voice! I felt that we could have sat and talked for a much longer time if our schedules had allowed. I encourage you and other readers to listen to the interview to hear for yourselves what I'm describing...even if you're not a science buff, Dr. Kaku will, I'm sure, pique your interest in these topics!

      • Bethany Heinrich
        Bethany Heinrich Mogul Influencer
        1y ago New York, NY, United States

        So cool Jess! Just want to say it again. You are awesome and thank you so much for sharing this special interview here. He is such a hero of mine (I am a space nerd :-) so this was cool to read.

        So cool Jess! Just want to say it again. You are awesome and thank you so much for sharing this special interview here. He is such a hero of mine (I am a space nerd :-) so this was cool to read.

        • Jessica Lipps
          [deleted]
          1y ago New York, NY, United States

          [deleted]

          [deleted]

        • Jessica Lipps
          Jessica Lipps Mogul Influencer
          1y ago New York, NY, United States

          Aw, thank you, Bethany! This means a lot! I totally see why he's your hero - he's amazing!! I'm really glad that you enjoyed the interview, and it especially means a lot that someone who is already into science and space still was able to get something out of the piece! :) Have a great day!!

          Aw, thank you, Bethany! This means a lot! I totally see why he's your hero - he's amazing!! I'm really glad that you enjoyed the interview, and it especially means a lot that someone who is already into science and space still was able to get something out of the piece! :) Have a great day!!

  • Bethany Heinrich
    Bethany Heinrich Mogul Influencer
    1y ago New York, NY, United States

    @Devin C. Hughes @SusanMarie @Asoral (LJ Thomas) @Samir Goel @elvirakatelin did you all see this? Awesome interview if you are into astronomy!

    @Devin C. Hughes @SusanMarie @Asoral (LJ Thomas) @Samir Goel @elvirakatelin did you all see this? Awesome interview if you are into astronomy!

    • Asoral (LJ Thomas)
      Asoral (LJ Thomas) CEO, Founder, OnMogul Influencer, & Host of Purely Positive
      1y ago Atlanta, GA, United States

      Thanks a bunch. I did not see this... I've been so busy with recording episodes for Purely Positive, but a break is coming up...so thanks so much for sharing!

      Thanks a bunch. I did not see this... I've been so busy with recording episodes for Purely Positive, but a break is coming up...so thanks so much for sharing!

    • SusanMarie
      SusanMarie Broadcast Journalist, Writer, Poet, Spoken Word Poet, Author
      1y ago Buffalo, NY, United States

      I am totally into astronomy. Thank you for tagging me here Bethany. This is a fantastic interview and brings up a lot of ethical and moral dilemmas. The ones mentioned regarding health issues on another planet, that is a "no thank you" for me regarding Mars. The idea of genetically modifying anything to me is going against Mother Nature, as is the natural aging process. It caused me to think, if I never die, what is my purpose right now? What is THE purpose? Massive existential crises. The robots controlling everything is way too freaky, as well. This reminded me of "Black Mirror" - excellent series if no one has seen it. Teleportation would be astounding though. Imagine standing in a portal then being in Paris in 10 minutes. So many ethical mores to consider. Excellent work.

      I am totally into astronomy. Thank you for tagging me here Bethany. This is a fantastic interview and brings up a lot of ethical and moral dilemmas. The ones mentioned regarding health issues on another planet, that is a "no thank you" for me regarding Mars. The idea of genetically modifying anything to me is going against Mother Nature, as is the natural aging process. It caused me to think, if I never die, what is my purpose right now? What is THE purpose? Massive existential crises. The robots controlling everything is way too freaky, as well. This reminded me of "Black Mirror" - excellent series if no one has seen it. Teleportation would be astounding though. Imagine standing in a portal then being in Paris in 10 minutes. So many ethical mores to consider. Excellent work.

      • Jessica Lipps
        Jessica Lipps Mogul Influencer
        1y ago New York, NY, United States

        Thank you so much for taking the time to share your thoughts, SusanMarie! I couldn't agree more! Reading Dr. Kaku's book and speaking with him was both wonderful and also made me wonder about the morals and ethics of plans for our future. I too am both excited and also a bit 'freaked out' about what's in store. 


        I appreciate all of the good questions that you raise. I hope that you find your own answers and wish the same for everyone else who read this article or listened to the interview. 

        Have a great night, and thanks again for commenting!!

        Thank you so much for taking the time to share your thoughts, SusanMarie! I couldn't agree more! Reading Dr. Kaku's book and speaking with him was both wonderful and also made me wonder about the morals and ethics of plans for our future. I too am both excited and also a bit 'freaked out' about what's in store. 


        I appreciate all of the good questions that you raise. I hope that you find your own answers and wish the same for everyone else who read this article or listened to the interview. 

        Have a great night, and thanks again for commenting!!

        • SusanMarie
          SusanMarie Broadcast Journalist, Writer, Poet, Spoken Word Poet, Author
          1y ago Buffalo, NY, United States

          You are welcome! Yes, I agree and this is a different interview which is what is needed today. Have a great night too!

          You are welcome! Yes, I agree and this is a different interview which is what is needed today. Have a great night too!

          • Jessica Lipps
            Jessica Lipps Mogul Influencer
            1y ago New York, NY, United States

            Thank you so much, SusanMarie! I really appreciate it!!

            Thank you so much, SusanMarie! I really appreciate it!!

    • SusanMarie
      [deleted]
      1y ago Buffalo, NY, United States

      [deleted]

      [deleted]

  • RjParla
    RjParla Comedian/Comedy Writer
    1y ago New Brunswick, NJ, United States

    This is incredible! He makes you think outside the box, and outside what we deem as possible. Awesome interview.

    This is incredible! He makes you think outside the box, and outside what we deem as possible. Awesome interview.

    • Jessica Lipps
      Jessica Lipps Mogul Influencer
      1y ago New York, NY, United States

      Thank you so much for reading and commenting, RJ! I really appreciate your nice words! I'm so glad that you enjoyed the interview and agree that Dr. Kaku makes us think outside of the box. Our world has a lot to look forward to in the future - it'll be amazing to see what it brings! Have a great night!!

      Thank you so much for reading and commenting, RJ! I really appreciate your nice words! I'm so glad that you enjoyed the interview and agree that Dr. Kaku makes us think outside of the box. Our world has a lot to look forward to in the future - it'll be amazing to see what it brings! Have a great night!!


Jessica Lipps
Mogul Influencer

Jessica hosts Mogul Interviews: Inspirational Interviews with Celebrities and Industry Leaders

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