Mushrooms are not only an irreplaceable and delicious food item, but they also possess a vast variety of nutritious properties. Some types of mushrooms have truly surprising health benefits, whereas others are used not only for cooking, but also in present-day medicine.
Here are several types of mushrooms, which are sold worldwide. The following 7 types of mushrooms are among the most common ones and all of them bring nutritious value and vital health properties to the table. So, without further ado, here’s all you need to know about them.
This is the most common type of mushrooms on the globe and it grows in over 70 countries worldwide. Often called Button, White or Common mushrooms, the species is actually named Agaricus Bisporus. A surprising health benefit of the Button mushroom is the fact that this fungus is in fact rich in Vitamin D, which is truly rare for any vegetable out there. Furthermore, the Button mushrooms are also high in Vitamin B, Niacin and Riboflavin.
The golden Chanterelle mushrooms are not only expensive, but also high in nutrition. These mushrooms are used in sauces, soups, soufflés, and sautés. Among the many benefits of these picturesque mushrooms is the battling of digestive problems, the maintenance of the health of lymph nodes, and the breaking down of sugars in the human body.
Criminis act as the most suitable substitute to the white and immature Button mushrooms. They are riper, more mature and brown in color. They are an excellent choice when it comes to giving your immune system a quick boost. Moreover, they are a valuable source of conjugated linolenic acid, which helps lower the risks of developing breast cancer. According to multiple sources, raw Crimins are safe to digest, although they do contain some toxins in their raw state. As such, it’s best to consume them fully cooked.
Often seen as the ideal growth stage of the Button mushroom, the Portobello is a noteworthy source of dietary fiber. It is also quite low in Sodium and fats, which makes it a suitable meat substitute in numerous dishes. Due to the high levels of Potassium, Thiamine, Phosphorus, Selenium and Copper the Portobello mushrooms have plenty of health benefits. They have antioxidant properties, they boost the nerve and muscle functions, and strengthen the bones.
The Enoki mushrooms are easily distinguishable from the rest of the mushroom fungi out there. They are well-known for their tiny caps and long, slender stems. Asian cuisine is abundant in Enoki-based dishes as these mushrooms can be eaten both cooked and raw. Unsurprisingly enough, they are rich in Thiamine, Potassium, Calcium, Copper, Niacin, and Riboflavin. They do wonders against high cholesterol, stomachaches, high blood pressure, weak immune system, and even liver diseases.
Shiitake mushrooms are present in countless Korean, Chinese and Japanese dishes. They are often considered as medicinal mushrooms due to their surprising health benefits, which include weight loss aid, immune system improvement, brain function boost, reduction of inflammation, and support of the cardiovascular system. The famous Shiitake mushrooms are low in fat, but high in B-class vitamins and Vitamin D2.
This particular mushroom has numerous euphonic names, including Hen of the Woods, Ram’s Head, and The Dancing Mushroom. It’s cultivated mainly in Asia and it’s used in medicine and cuisine. This type of fungi is known to lower blood sugar, fight off cancer and strengthen the adaptive immune system, as well as the innate immune system. Moreover, similar to other mushroom types, the Grifola Frondosa also possesses antioxidant properties.
If you wish to learn more about the obvious facts or the surprising health benefits of the most common types of mushrooms, The Huffington Post has an excellent article on the subject.
Of course, wild mushrooms can be beneficial and essential for your health as the common cultivated mushrooms. Various wild shrooms are actually considered as superfoods and you can even purchase powder extracts from them. For example, Wild Foods offer gluten-free non-GMO powder extracts from numerous wild mushrooms, such as Red Reishi, Chaga, and so forth.